The Nepali Civil War (labelled the People’s War by the Maoists) was an armed conflict between government forces and Maoist rebels in Nepal which lasted from 1996 until 2006. The war was launched by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) on 13 February 1996 after being denied participation in a national election. Among the primary aims were overthrowing the Nepalese monarchy, overcoming caste discrimination and favoritism, eliminating corruption and unwarranted entitlements, and establishing a ‘People’s Republic’. It ended with the Comprehensive Peace Accord signed on 21 November 2006 followed by Peoples Movement -2 . Signed by Democratic leader late Girija Prasad Koirala and Maoist President Pushpa Kamal Dahal “Prachanda”.
More than 15,000 people were killed and an estimated 100,000 to 150,000 people were internally displaced as a result of the conflict.